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Evolution

KS 2, 3, Second, Third Stage.

Ages 8 - 14

DURATION: 45 mins - 55 mins

OVERVIEW: Charles Darwin is considered the father of evolution. He developed the theory of common ancestors. But what is evolution, and how does it happen?


We examine animals up close and discuss how and why they came to look, sound, and act as they do. We explore concepts such as 'adaptations', 'mutations', 'natural selection', and 'inheritance' and discuss how fossils can help us understand the evolutionary journey. 

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Learning Outcomes

  • All children will understand that living things have changed over time and we use fossils to get information about what they used to be like.

  • All children will be able to explain how animals are adapted to suit their habitats.

  • Most children will be able to explain the link between adaptation, natural selection, and evolution.

  • Some children will understand how species are interdependent and related to varying degrees.

You'll get to meet some of these animals:

Free Printable Resources with every workshop

Free printable educational resource pack
Free printable educational resource pack

Darwin’s theory of natural selection

During his visit to the Galapágos Islands, Charles Darwin noted the variety of life between the different islands.

28 years after his expedition, Darwin released has theory of evolution by natural selection; challenging the religious views of the time.


Studying the Galapágos finches, mockingbirds and tortoises, Darwin observed that differences in characteristics could be seen between islands.

Those which had evolved with adaptions best suited to their habitat were more likely to survive and breed, passing these characteristics on to the next generation (inheritance) to ensure survival of the species.

Curriculum Outcomes England & Wales

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Curriculum Outcomes Scotland

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